Rivers State, named after the many rivers that border its territory, was part of the Oil Rivers Protectorate from 1885 till 1893, when it became part of the Niger Coast Protectorate. In 1900 the region was merged with the chartered territories of the Royal Niger Company to form the colony of Southern Nigeria.
The state was formed in 1967 with the split of the Eastern Region of Nigeria. Until 1996, the state contained the area that is now Bayelsa State. Rivers State is the second largest economy in Nigeria after Lagos State. It had a total GDP of US$21,073,410,422 which is larger than most national GDPs in the African continent.
The state has two major refineries, two major sea ports, airports, and various industrial estates particularly in the state capital, Port Harcourt. Rivers State is rich in crude oil. An enormous amount of Nigeria’s oil wealth is derived from the state.
Rivers State, with its diverse ethnic and linguistic groups, is very rich in culture and the arts. Several cultural bonds exist, particularly in music, dances, plays and masquerades. Literature in Rivers State consists of the oral tradition of folk tales, legends, myths, proverbs, riddles and poetry in religious incantations, and so on. More modern literature includes the novels and poetry of writers like Elechi Amadi, and the late Ken Saro-Wiwa. Production of traditional fired clay and bronze are also common.
The major ethnic groups in the state are the Ikwerre, Ijaw and the Ogoni.
Rivers State Official Website | Treasure Base of the Nation
Source: Wikipedia & State Website